In our busy everyday lives, we want to believe that we are living our own lives. We always want to believe that reality is plain and simple but most of the times it’s not. Some of the things we take for granted as being true are false. Philosophers and scientists have discredited in so many ways the theories of commonsense as the following examples show in detail. But what could the real world be like? Let’s look at some of the bigger theories.
The BIG Freeze
The Big Freeze refers to a scientific theory on the end of the universe and it spells disaster for everyone. The theory is that a fixed amount of energy exists in the world and as it runs out, the universe slows down. Since heat is produced by energy particle movement, there’s slow loss of heat. A slowdown in movement also exists and eventually everything will come to a halt.
Plato and the Theory
Plato is among the most famous philosophers. He claimed that there exists another world different from the one we are familiar with, that had perfect ‘forms’. What we see around us are just shadows, or imitations of the real thing. When we study philosophy, we are at a better chance to glimpse the originals.
We take time for granted and normally divide it into present, past and future. Presentism philosophers, however argue that the past and future do not exist- only the present does. This means that the last birthday you celebrated does not exist and this article will cease to exist immediately after you look at it- well, until you decide to look at it again.
Do We Live in a Vat?
Some scientists and philosophers believe that the external world is verifiable independently. So, where is the problem with this? Imagine that we are brains-in-vats merely and our perceptions are being manipulated by aliens. How would we know that it’s happening? Can we disapprove the idea that it’s possible this situation is indeed the case for us right now? The Brain-in-vat theory is a modern version of the Descartes Evil Demon problem. The same point is made here- it’s impossible to prove anything else exists except our consciousness. The theory however employs some slightly different thought experiments.
What happens to things that are behind your back? Some philosophers believe they vanish. However, some philosophers believe that the existence of some things is in so far as they are perceived. Meaning that, that sandwich you are eating only exists so long as you are aware it exists. No perception, no existence and that’s phenomenalism for you.
And if you want to see an action packed version of conspiracy theories, check out my three-book series – The Chronicles of Jermey Nash.